The Campo de Gibraltar area is one of the earliest inhabited by modern man. It has been home to marine nations from all over the Mediterranean, of which there are many spectacular reminders.
Although not technically in Spain, Gibraltar is famous for Neanderthal remains, but without having to cross the border we can still enjoy some excellent pointers to the ancient past of the Campo de Gibraltar. In addition, there are megalithic tombs, cave paintings, and the fascinating ruins of the Roman town Baelo Claudio on the very beach at Bolonia, where one of the most highly valued products of the time, “garum” or fish paste, was produced and shipped throughout the Roman Empire.
In more modern times, both Tarifa and Algeciras have a fishing and trading tradition, and both have important ports from where several ferries cross to and from Morocco every day. And in terms of shipping, the Strait of Gibraltar is where all vessels leaving or entering the Mediterranean must pass, from cruise liners to container ships to tankers, an impressive sight to contemplate from the shoreline or during a marine mammal watching boat trip.