The Natural Park of Los Alcornocales: Quick facts
The Natural Park of Los Alcornocales is classified as a Natural Protected Area of Andalusia.
It constitutes a forest mass of 170,000 hectares with a profusion of cork oaks, Andalusian galls, in addition to holm oaks, carobs, and ancient wild olive trees.
It has a high density of vegetation, both in terms of trees as well as lichens and undergrowth, highly beneficial for the local environment due to the production of large amounts of oxygen via photosynthesis.
Its numerous reservoirs (Guadalcacín, Hurones, Barbate, Charco Redondo, Guadarranque, Celemín and Almodóvar), offer vast water storage capacity.
The diversity of flora and fauna present in Los Alcornocales convert it into one of the most representative protected natural areas in the Mediterranean basin, within one of the most extensive cork oak forests in Europe.
It has unique ecosystems and endemic plant species.
It has a wide range of scenery, from dense forest with lichen and fern covered ground, to spectacular views of the surrounding mountains and of the African coast.
Its cultural and historical legacy is visible in the countryside as well as the local towns and villages.
It is still home to a human population that lives from the locally sourced natural resources.
Los Alcornocales has a visitor centre called El Aljibe, taken from the name of the highest peak in the Natural Park, located between the towns of Alcalá de Los Gazules and Casas Viejas.