Within the Natural Park there is an obvious presence of human influence through the reforestation via the planting of Aleppo pine trees. This contrasts to a certain extent with the more natural occurrence of holm oaks, cork oaks, strawberry trees (arbutus unedo) and riverine vegetation at the bottom of steep valleys, accentuated by a specific lack of conservation work in order to foment undergrowth in these areas. Having said this, the importance of trees and plants in the Montes de Malaga has more to do with diversity as opposed to density.
The most northerly area of the Natural Park is home to small colonies of reforested mountain pines (Pinus pinaster), Monterey pines (Pinus insignis) and stone pines (Pinus pinea). There are also commercially grown holm oaks, thanks to the withdrawal of pine trees for this reason.
No endemisms have been found in the Montes de Malaga to date, although there is a high number of plants and shrubs whose roots help to avoid the erosion that has caused so much damage in the past within the Natural Park and the city of Malaga below.