The Sierra de Las Nieves Natural Park is home to one of the most numerous populations of mountain goat in Andalusia, so much so that controlled culling is permitted at certain times of the year. Along with the roe deer, it is the largest indigenous wild animal in the area. Introduced species include the mouflon and the fallow deer.
There are also less numerous populations of predators including wildcats, foxes and mongeese. Otters still survive in some of the rivers, although they are extremely rare.
There are some 150 bird species either living or passing through the Natural Park: from peregrine falcons, golden eagles, Bonelli’s eagles and short-toed eagles to the green woodpecker, crag martin and the woodcock.