According to studies, some 400 animal species can be found in the Sierra Subbética Natural Park, of which 155 are birds, 42 are mammals, 18 are reptiles, and the remainder are fish, butterflies and moths, crustaceans etc.
The low altitude wooded areas are home to a variety of wild animals, amongst which are the wild boar, the wild cat, rabbits, foxes, and whose location is dependent upon the nearby vegetation. The same can be said for resident and migratory birds, with the most outstanding representation being that of birds of prey: the golden eagle, the peregrine falcon (the largest colony in Andalusia, and the Park’s symbol) and the Griffon vulture (one of the largest colonies in southern Spain), short-toed eagles, black kites and Bonelli’s eagles. Non-birds of prey include the wood pigeon, the rock thrush, the dunnock, the kingfisher and the warbler. On higher ground, the mountain goat can be seen on occasions.
Of the mammals in the Sierra Subbética, of particular note are the Mediterranean water shrew, in the most southerly confines of the Natural Park, the marten and Daubenton’s bat. Reptiles include the viperine snake and the Spanish pond turtle.