Flora in the Sierra de Cazorla, Segura & Las Villas Natural Park
The Sierra de Cazorla, Segura & Las Villas Natural Park contains three eco-systems, each with its own variety of flora: high mountain, forests, and wetlands.
The variety of plants and flowers is one of the most extensive in the whole of the Mediterranean basis: of more than 1,300 catalogued species, 24 of which can only be found here (including the Cazorla violet, the smallest narcissus in the world, and a curious carnivorous plant), making this Natural Park, along with Sierra Nevada National Park, the protected area with the greatest number of endemisms, some of which are in danger of extinction, such as the Cazorla geranium. This said, and before hopes become too high about seeing unique plants, it must be remembered that most of these species are miniscule, and require extraordinary vision to be able to spot them!
Extensive forests of pine trees are present, including the European black pine trees, an endemic variety found above 1,200 metres. On the slopes and banks of the Guadalquivir basin are other typically Mediterranean trees and vegetation, such as holm oaks, rock roses, wild strawberry trees, mastics, wild jasmine, gall oaks, hazel trees and poplars amongst others.
An easier and less time consuming way of appreciating some of the above-mentioned varieties is the Torre del Vinagre visitor centre botanical gardens, where the trees and plants are grouped together depending upon the altitude at which they are found throughout the park.