Geology in the Sierra de Cazorla, Segura & Las Villas Natural Park
The relief of the Sierra de Cazorla, Segura & Las Villas Natural Park is very abrupt and steep, with deep valleys and high peaks, some of which reach almost 2,000 metres. Having said this, the average height of the area means that it is classified as mid-mountain. Rock is mainly of dolomitic limestone, and it is the effect of water on this limestone that has led to a multitude of original and sometimes spectacular formations. The impressive deep and narrow ravines, the abundance of plains, volcanic tuff and the caves and openings caused by the collapse of rock or dissolving by water, offer dramatic mosaics.
In the southern confines of the Natural Park, soil deposits are predominant, producing gently rolling hills that are particularly fertile and used for intensive olive tree planting