The Sierra de Grazalema Natural Park

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Fauna in the Sierra de Grazalema Natural Park

The well conserved vegetation is an excellent source of food and protection to a wealth of fauna. Seeds, autumn fruit and grass provide food for larger mammals such as deer, roe deer, and mountain goat. This same cover favours the fox, mongoose and genet in their hunting activities for small rodents.

The clear waters of the river Majaceite are the reason why it is the most southern European trout fishing reserve, and also the reason why the elusive otter is also present.

The Sierra de Grazalema Natural Park is classed as an Ornithological Special Reserve, and not without reason: members of one of the largest colonies of Griffon vulture in Europe fly high above the rocks and mountains, and nest in hidden crags. 136 different species of bird have been registered here, including the following birds of prey: Bonelli’s eagle, peregrine falcon, short-toed eagle, eagle owl, golden eagle, Spanish imperial eagle, booted eagle, snake eagle, goshawk and Egyptian vulture.

Finally, and thanks to its extensive cave system, the Sierra de Grazalema Natural Park has one of the largest bat populations in Europe: 100,000 have been estimated, but not all flying at the same time!


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